Duty / ˈduːti / ||/ ˈdjuːti/
Duty plural duties
Something you must do [uncountable and countable] something that you have to do because it is morally or legally right [= obligation]COLLOCATIONS
do your duty - it is somebody's duty to do something - have a duty to do something - have a duty to somebody/owe somebody a duty - sense of duty - moral duty - legal duty - fail in your duty (=fail to do something that you should do for someone) - be duty-bound to do something formal (=have a duty to do something)
I promise I will do my duty.
We feel it is our duty to help her.
Local authorities have a duty to keep the streets clean.
You have a duty to your husband and to your children.
She has a strong sense of moral duty.
The unions have failed in their duty to female workers.
In the traditional Hindu family, the son is duty-bound to look after his mother.
[Countable usually plural, uncountable] something you have to do as part of your job
Martin's duties included cleaning the cars.
She works for her father doing part-time secretarial duties.
He will soon be fit enough to carry out his duties (=do his job).
He can only do light duties .
When Juliet reported for duty (=arrived and said she was ready to start work) she was sent to check on a new patient.
A teacher may be fired for neglect of duty (=failing to do their job properly).
He did three tours of duty in Vietnam (=three periods working in a foreign country as a soldier, government officer etc).
Be on/off duty
to be working or not working at a particular time, especially when you are doing a job which people take turns to do, so that someone is always doing it:
He's on night duty.
Mary goes on duty (=starts working) tonight at half past ten.
What time do you go off duty (=finish work)?
Firm 1 /fɜːrm / || /fɜːm/
Apprenticeship /əˈprentəsʃɪp / || /əˈprentɪsʃɪp/
Guard 1 /ɡɑːrd / || /ɡɑːd/
Purse 1 /pɜːrs / || /pɜːs/
Pat 1 /pæt/
A uniform 1 / ˈjuːnəfɔːrm / || / ˈjuːnɪfɔːm/
Seriously / ˈsɪriəsli / || / ˈsɪəriəsli/
Youth /juːθ/ a teenage boy - used especially in newspapers to show disapproval:
a gang of youths
Sur‧ly/ ˈsɜːli/- bad-tempered and unfriendly [= sullen]:
a surly teenager
Jan‧i‧tor [countable] especially American English someone whose job is to look after a school or other large building [= caretaker British English]
I get angry if they don’t keep to high standards.
Interviewer – interviewee
Get down to something
To start doing something that is difficult or needs a lot of time or energy:
It's time we got down to work.
We need to get down to some serious talking.
1 to make a mistake, or to force someone to make a mistake by tricking them:
On his latest album, Kowalski trips up attempting more modern songs.
Trip somebody ↔ up
An attempt to trip up the Prime Minister on policy issues
Read up on something
To read a lot about something because you will need to know about it:
You'll enjoy travelling more if you read up on the history of the countries you'll be visiting.
If someone DRIES UP, they stop talking:
'It was -' She dried up again.
Turn something ↔ up
To find something by searching for it thoroughly:
The police investigation hasn't turned up any new evidence.
Come across somebody/something
To meet, find, or discover someone or something by chance:
I came across an old diary in her desk.
I've never come across anyone quite like her before.
if someone comes across in a particular way, they seem to have particular qualities [= come over]
Come across as
He comes across as a very intelligent, sensitive man.
She sometimes comes across as being rather arrogant.
I don't think I came across very well (=seemed to have good qualities) in the interview.
Sort yourself out/get yourself sorted out (=deal with all your problems)
I'm staying with a friend until I manage to sort myself out.